Causes of Increased Intracranial PressureThe most common cause of a person experiencing an increase in intracranial pressure is an injury to the head, due to a blow or impact on the head. In infants or children, this condition often occurs due to falling from the bed to cause injury to the head, due to an accident, or it could be due to acts of violence on children. One other common cause in children is a congenital condition in the form of congenital hydrocephalus. In addition, this condition can be caused by increased pressure on the cerebrospinal fluid, which is fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Increased intracanal pressure can also occur due to brain tissue swelling due to injury or disease. Conditions or diseases that can be a cause of increased intracranial pressure include:
- Brain aneurysm
- Hypoxemia or reduced oxygen levels in the blood
- Meningitis, inflammation of the lining of the brain
- Epilectic status in people with epilepsy
- Brain hemorrhage due to blood pressure that is too high
Recognize Symptoms that AriseIncreased intracranial blood pressure can be recognized by symptoms such as:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Double vision
- Increased blood pressure
- Feeling confused, dazed, restless or behavior changes occur
How to Overcome Increased Intracranial PressureThe main goal of medical treatment on increasing intracranial pressure is to reduce pressure on the head to reach the expected normal value. One way that is usually done is to reduce cerebrospinal fluid by shunt placement, which is a smooth tube that is connected through a small hole in the skull. This procedure is performed by neurosurgeons, and is often performed on hydrocephalus patients. Other actions doctors can also take to overcome the increase in intracranial pressure are:
- Treatment in hospitals, making it easier to install breathing apparatus and other medical assistance to help function is disrupted when an increase in intracranial pressure occurs.
- Provision of certain drugs to reduce swelling of brain tissue and relieve increased intracranial pressure.
- Open some of the skull bones. This action is done while in an emergency to prevent further damage to brain tissue.